Comparative and superlative adjectives are used to compare the difference between things. Comparative adjectives are used to compare the difference between two things. Examples include, taller, bigger, faster, stronger, more expensive, etc.
Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more things. Examples include, the tallest, the biggest, the fastest, the strongest, the most expensive, etc. When making comparative and superlative sentences we must change the adjective into the comparative or superlative form.
In this post we have put together a useful list of common adjectives with their comparative and superlative forms. Below you’ll find a list of both regular and irregular comparative and superlative adjectives.
First, let’s take a look at the rules for changing adjectives into their comparative and superlative forms.
Comparative And Superlative Rules
- With regular one syllable adjectives, to make the comparative form we simply add -er, and to make the superlative form we add -est.
For example, fast – faster – fastest.
- With one and two syllable adjectives that end in -y, it is slightly different. To make the comparative form the y is dropped and -ier is added. To make the superlative form, the y is dropped and -iest is added.
For example, happy – happier – happiest.
- With adjectives that end with a single vowel followed by a single consonant, then the consonant is doubled and -er / -est is added.
For example, big – bigger – biggest.
- With 2 syllable adjectives that don’t end in -y, and all 3 or more syllable adjectives, we add more to make the comparative form, and most to make the superlative form.
For example, beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful.
It is important to note that there are irregular adjectives that do not follow these rules and so students need to memorize the comparative and superlative forms of irregular adjectives.
Below you will find a list of common regular comparative and superlative adjectives followed by a list of irregular adjectives.
Comparative And Superlative List
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|boring||more boring||most boring|
|expensive||more expensive||most expensive|
|interesting||more interesting||most interesting|
|modern||more modern||most modern|
|popular||more popular||most popular|
|tired||more tired||most tired|
Comparative And Superlative Activities
If you are teaching comparative and superlative adjectives then here are some great activities you can use, and other related lesson materials.
Thanks for reading. I hope you found this comparative and superlative list useful.