Useful List Of Irregular Verbs (PDF Included)

English Irregular Verbs

Did you know that there are hundreds of irregular verbs in English? Having a strong understanding of irregular verbs is important for English language learners but learning irregular verbs can be particularly challenging for them. This is because irregular verbs are not conjugated in the same way as regular verbs, and so students must memorize and practice using these verbs a lot.

To help you teach or learn these verbs, we have put together this comprehensive list of irregular verbs. The irregular verbs listed below include their base form, past tense form, and past participle form. Below you’ll also find a free PDF list of irregular verbs that you can download, print, and distribute to students. Before we look at the list, let’s quickly go over what exactly irregular verbs are.

What Are Irregular Verbs?

Irregular verbs are those verbs that do not follow the standard conjugation rules. Most verbs in English are regular verbs, which means they form their past tense and past participle forms by adding -ed, -d, or -ied to the base form of the verb (e.g. work – worked – worked / like – liked – liked / cry – cried – cried). However, there are many irregular verbs that do not follow this pattern and so students have to learn these verbs separately.

Irregular Verbs List

Here is a list of common irregular verbs in English. The list below includes the base form and shows how to form the past tense and past participle forms of these verbs.

Base FormPast TensePast Participle
bewas/werebeen
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
betbetbet
bitebitbiten
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburnt/burnedburnt/burned
burstburstburst
buyboughtbought
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
comecamecome
costcostcost
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamed/dreamtdreamed/dreamt
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
flyflewflown
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgot/gotten
givegavegiven
gowentgone
growgrewgrown
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt/kneeledknelt/kneeled
knitknitknit
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
putputput
readreadread
ride roderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
shakeshookshaken
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
showshowedshown
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
speakspokespoken
spendspentspent
spreadspreadspread
springsprangsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
swimswamswum
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
winwonwon
writewrotewritten

Irregular Verbs List PDF

Here is a free PDF list of irregular verbs. Feel free to download, print, and distribute to your students.

Irregular Verbs List PDF
Irregular Verbs List PDF

Tips For Teach Irregular Verbs

Teaching irregular verbs to students can be difficult, especially because there are so many of them. However, there are some ways you can make learning irregular verbs easier and more fun for students. Here are some tips on how to teach irregular verbs.

Teach Irregular Verbs That Follow The Same Pattern Together

Although irregular verbs don’t follow the normal conjugation rules, there are many irregular verbs that follow a similar pattern. So, instead of teaching the irregular verbs in alphabetical order, you can teach groups of irregular verbs that follow a similar pattern. This will make it much easier for students to learn and remember the past tense and past participle forms of these irregular verbs.

Start Each Lesson Learning A New Irregular Verb

One of the main obstacles to learning irregular verbs is the fact that there are so many of them. For students it can be overwhelming and, let’s face it, boring, to learn a big list of irregular verbs at once. So, a great way to help students learn irregular verbs is to make learning a new irregular verb each lesson part of your classroom routine. You can even use a different vocabulary game each lesson to make learning irregular verbs fun!

Use Games To Teach Irregular Verbs

There are lots of ways you can use games to teach irregular verbs. For example, the above activity is a ‘telepathy game’ in which students must ‘read the teacher’s mind’ to guess the answer. This activity is great for practicing irregular verbs as it gives lots of example sentences.

Another example of a game you can play to teach irregular verbs is the ‘matching game’. This game is great for helping students to memorize words in a fun way. Using this matching game template, input some irregular verbs and their past tense form. Then have students work in teams to find the matching pair.

Practice With Irregular Verb Exercises

The best way to help students to master irregular verbs is to have them practice practice practice! You can find lots of interactive exercises and printable worksheets for practicing irregular verbs online. We even have some on Games4esl. Here are some fun irregular verb exercises students can use to practice irregular verbs and the past simple tense.


I hope found this list of irregular verbs useful and got some good tips on how to teach these verbs to your students. Before you go, don’t forget to check out all the free resources we have available including ESL worksheets, PowerPoint Games, PowerPoint Lessons, ESL Games, and lots more.